The Adobe Reader is widely used in Windows operating system to read the PDF documents. But in Linux, there are several open-source PDF document readers like Evince or Okular, which are more faster and lightweight. Though there is a Linux version of Adobe Reader, you might find it as extremely slower than the open source alternatives (alternatives of Adobe Reader). Then why would someone need to install the Adobe Reader in Linux?
Well, the only need of Adobe Reader in Linux would be experienced when you try to open an Adobe-certified PDF file. Adobe started the Certified Document Service Program (CDS) back in 2005 where they offer to provide authenticated PDF document through the service. Such documents can only be opened through the Adobe Reader.
If you try to open any such secured PDF document through the open source programs in Linux, you will be prompted for the password.
At this point, you really feel the need of Adobe Reader, distributed as acroread in Linux.
Installing Adobe Reader on Linux
There are different commands for different Linux distributions to install the Adobe Reader i.e acroread.
How to Install Adobe Reader on Ubuntu
Run the followings at Ubuntu (except Ubuntu 13.10) terminal to install acroread on it.
$ sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ $(lsb_release -sc) partner" $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install acroread
How to install acroread on Ubuntu 13.10 and other Linux distributions
The above commands do not work with other Linux distributions like Debian, CentOS, RedHat, Fedora or RHEL, because the ‘Canonical Partners’ repository is not updated with them. The same thing is true for Ubuntu 13.10. To install Adobe Reader in such Linux distributions, follow these steps.
Go to this page http://get.adobe.com/reader/otherversions/ and download the .deb package.
Now run one of the following commands according to the Linux distro.
For Ubuntu 13.10:
$ sudo dpkg -i --force-architecture AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i386linux_enu.deb
This command may or may not get success due to some broken dependencies. The above attempt may end up with the following error:
In such a case, run the following command which will automatically fix the broken dependencies.
$ sudo apt-get -f install
The Debian users can run the following command to install the Adobe Reader.
$ sudo dpkg -i AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i386linux_enu.deb
For CentOS, Fedora or RHEL:
To install it on CentOS, Fedora or RHEL, go to http://get.adobe.com/reader/otherversions/, download the .rpm package instead of the .deb package and run the following command from the terminal.
$ sudo rpm -ivh AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i486linux_enu.rpm
Please note that both the .deb and .rpm packages are only for 32-bit operating systems. If you’re running 64-bit Linux on your computer, you will have to install the necessary 32-bit libraries manually. To do this in 64-bit version of Ubuntu 13.10, run the following command:
$ sudo apt-get install libxml2:i386 lib32stdc++6
Here are the system requirements to install Adobe Reader in Linux (http://www.adobe.com/products/reader/tech-specs.html):
- 32-bit Intel Pentium® processor or equivalent
- Red Hat® Linux® WS 5, SUSE® Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED) 10 with Service Pack 2, or Ubuntu 7.10; GNOME or KDE Desktop Environment
- Minimum 512MB of RAM (1GB recommended)
- Minimum 150MB of available hard-disk space (additional 75MB required for all supported font packs)
- GTK+ (GIMP Toolkit) user interface library, version 2.6 or later
- Firefox 2.x or 3.0
- OpenLDAP and CUPS libraries
Once the acroread is installed on your Linux operating system, you can launch the application with the following command:
$ acroread doc.pdf
Let us know if you face any problem when installing Adobe Reader at your Linux distribution.